Rachel Griffith is Research Director of the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS) and Professor of Economics at the University of Manchester. She is Fellow of the Econometric Society, the British Academy and the Academy of Social Sciences. Rachel won the Birgit Grodal award in 2014 and was awarded a CBE for services to economic policy. She has been Managing Editor of the Economic Journal and President of the European Economic Association. Rachel's research has been published widely in the top international journals; broadly it considers the impacts of government policy on consumers, firms and the functioning of markets.