Do participants know what will happen to the research findings? Have they given permission to be identified, and if not, what steps have been taken to anonymise the data? The Data Protection Act 1998 research exemption cannot be claimed if participants' personal data will not be anonymous when findings are published (see the Data requirements section).

When findings are released, what is the impact on other areas of participants' lives, such as their families and careers? Did they give permission for the material to be archived or shared with other researchers? Political sensitivities may arise when findings are contrary to local or national policy. It may be important to publish critical findings about policies and organisations, but was this within the original remit of the research? Were participants aware that this could be a consequence of their participation?