An ESRC-funded project building upon pioneering research into how offenders move away from crime is transforming the practice of offender rehabilitation in the UK and beyond.


  • Professor Shadd Maruna and colleagues' 'desistance framework' is now a dominant conceptual model within offender rehabilitation policy and practice in England and Wales
  • The model has also made a substantial impact in Scotland, Northern Ireland, Chile, Singapore and the United States, where the US Department of Justice has recently funded a large-scale pilot test of the desistance model
  • Professor Maruna and colleagues' desistance research is cited in the UK Ministry of Justice's 2011 Green Paper, and provided the National Offender Management Services (NOMS) with research evidence for its new practice skills model for probation
  • As a result of the research and associated seminars and workshops, Merseyside Probation has convened a Desistance Planning Team (2014) and Avon and Somerset Probation Trust recruited a dedicated Desistance Development Officer (2013)
  • The free download film Road from Crime (2012), which outlines key research findings and practical applications, has been subtitled in six languages and viewed more than 10,000 times – including screenings to the Probation Chiefs' Association Conference 2013.

"I can say with confidence that research into desistance from crime has significantly impacted on both policy and operational practice, and is shaping the culture and service delivery models of providers across all aspects of offender services." (Ian Poree, Director, Rehabilitation Programme, Ministry of Justice)

About the research

The team behind the Desistance Knowledge Exchange (DesKE) – Shadd Maruna, Stephen Farrall and Fergus McNeill – are widely acknowledged to be leading researchers on 'desistance from crime', how criminals can leave crime behind. Yet, Professor Shadd Maruna insists that the real experts in how individuals stop reoffending are ex-offenders themselves.

"In the same way that if you wanted to lose weight you would consult the successful slimmers that you know, we argue that if you want evidence-based practice in rehabilitation, it makes sense to learn from those who have successfully moved away from lives of crime."

Building on the knowledge exchange expertise of Dr Claire Lightowler to work with ex-offenders, families, practitioners and policymakers, the DesKE team drew out the common threads from many individual success stories - helping to create and interpret a new body of rehabilitation evidence that is changing policy and practice in criminal justice.

Based on this research, a high-level organisational review in the Scottish Prison Service has transformed its approach, reframing the service's core task as 'Unlocking Potential, Transforming Lives'. At the local level, the DesKE team helped to establish the Wirral Desistance Project which brought together probation staff and probationers to explore what was and was not working in the rehabilitation process. Replacing the term 'offender' with 'service user' proved a key early step in a string of successful changes to probation practice.

The start-up of a new charity running music projects for Scottish prisoners was also inspired by a DesKE workshop. "Initiatives like this can help spark the process of working towards changing lives," Professor Fergus McNeill explains.

As a result of these changes in policies and services – and perhaps more fundamentally by changing the ways that practitioners think about and do their work - the project has been changing how rehabilitation is done with people, not to them, so that positive lives can be built.