Two-thirds of Britain’s young adults aged 25-34 embrace Margaret Thatcher’s values and show support for the former Prime Minister’s policies and beliefs, says new research into the legacy of Thatcherism.

A pilot survey of over 600 UK citizens aged between 16-79 carried out by BMG Research in September 2018 explored how far Thatcherite policies of the 1980s and 1990s still shape UK society. This pilot is preparation for a larger survey (5,000 respondents) set for January 2019 and forms part of ESRC research into the impact of Thatcher’s legacy. Findings are due in May 2019 – 40 years after Thatcher became Britain’s first female PM.

Discussion of the pilot survey results will be part of the focus of Professor Farrall’s talk: ‘In Maggie’s Shadow – Thatcher’s enduring legacy’ as part of our annual Festival of Social Science, 3-10 November 2018. 

Professor Jennifer Rubin, ESRC Executive Chair, said: "The Festival of Social Science is one of the largest co-ordinated endeavours undertaken by a science community and demonstrates ESRC's commitment to public engagement. We know social scientists and economists value the opportunity to talk with the public to make an impact with their work. These events should inspire young people to pursue a career in social sciences and raise awareness about the impact made to wider society."

Pilot survey questions probed public attitudes towards key tenets of Thatcherism. Fundamental to this political philosophy, Professor Farrall explains, was her belief in minimal state intervention, greater involvement of the private sector, respect for ‘traditional values’ and maintaining ‘law and order’. 

“Today it seems the majority of British people have adopted Thatcherite values and hold the sorts of attitudes which one associates with Thatcherism,” says researcher Professor Stephen Farrall of the University of Sheffield. “In the 1990s we saw a push back against Margaret Thatcher’s political values. Now, we see the long sting in the tail. Changes in values that the Thatcher regime set in motion appear to have come to fruition – albeit a generation and a half later.”

“Margaret Thatcher was not only the longest serving British parliamentary leader of the 20th century but also a hugely divisive political figure,” Professor Farrall argues. “How far have we adopted her radical political orientation? In terms of these pilot survey findings and society’s widespread adoption of behaviours in keeping with her values (such as owning shares or using league tables when choosing schools or hospitals) then it seems we are still very much living in her shadow.”

In the survey, respondents were asked how much they agreed with statements such as:

  • Margaret Thatcher was right to sell council houses to tenants
  • Margaret Thatcher made Britain great again
  • Private companies run utilities like gas, electricity and water better than the government ever could
  • Margaret Thatcher only looked after the interests of the rich
  • Margaret Thatcher was right to take on trade unions.

Findings reveal that younger adults appear to have embraced neo-liberal attitudes and beliefs in line with key Thatcherite values. Those aged 25-34 are not only the age group most supportive of Thatcherite policies, they also show most support (60%) for her economic tenets of low regulation, less tax and reduced trade union power. Only 40-50% of the over-35s share similar above average neo-liberal attitudes. In contrast, over-35s were more supportive of Thatcherite values on law, order and authority (54-61%) than young adults (47%).